Weight loss provides clear long-term benefits for glycaemic control in people with type 1 or type 2 diabetes. Carbohydrate restriction by replacement with unsaturated fats and protein is one approach to diet in these patients.
- The diet of people with type 1 or type 2 diabetes has been controversial for many decades.
- Carbohydrate restriction can help some patients with brittle type 1 diabetes.
- Carbohydrate restriction in people with type 2 diabetes may lower triglyceride levels, increase HDL-cholesterol levels and lower HbA1c but results can be very variable.
- Weight loss lowers HbA1c, blood pressure and lipid levels in people with type 2 diabetes but does not reduce heart disease and stroke over 10 years.